l Mount Kolovrat (sometimes also called Collaurato, obsolete, Slovene Kolovrat, Friulian colorat) is a mountain range located in the extreme eastern part of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, in the municipality of Drenchia, on the border with the Republic of Slovenia. Geography
The backbone of Colovrat consists of a series of ridges that stretch for about four kilometers, from the mountain to Mount Cucco Poclabuz, and divides the Natisone Valleys (Italy) from the Soca Valley (Slovenia). Its average height is about 1100 meters, and the maximum reaches 1243 meters s.l.m. (Monte Cucco Luico). In the southern part it is positioned pace of Solarie (956 meters), which is home to a border crossing of category 2 which connects the valley with Cosizza Luico (Livek in Slovenian) and Volče (Volče in Slovenian).
On nice days you can admire from Colovrat north-east, the Soca Valley, the Tolmin basin, the Black Mountain and Mount Triglav; south-east, the view stretches from the towns of Cividale and Udine to the lagoon of Grado, Monfalcone and part of Istria.
The ridge is crossed by the trail C.A. I. 746 - Path Italy and the High Street of the Natisone Valleys.
The term Colovrat Channel (or Collaurato), Slovene Kanalski Kolovrat, has instead indicated the mountain ridge located immediately south-east, which divides the valley Judrio from Soca and continues south until it merges in the Collio. It reaches its maximum height in the 811 meters s.l.m. of Mount Corada. This chain is now entirely in Slovenia. The history of Colovrat area, during the First World War, was the responsibility area of the 2nd Army Italian Army who had made you a vast and defensive system, because its findings were the extreme line of defense to prevent penetration the enemy in the Friuli plain. The ridge was tragically affected by the battle of Caporetto, that led to the withdrawal of Italian troops to the line of the Piave; the morning of October 24, 1917 the Colovrat chain was hit by a heavy bombardment with shrapnel and gas grenades asphyxiating which caused a huge number of casualties among both military and between the local civilian population. After the shelling, German companies, commanded by Lieutenant Erwin Rommel, with a surprise attack, managed to conquer the peaks to continue, rapidly advanced, to the Mount Matajur and Friuli plain. Near the Solarie step was erected a memorial stone in memory of Richard's right, the first Italian fell in the conflict. In the area they are still visible trenches, under restoration, tunnels dug into the rock, trenches and remains of military fortifications in cement. The area of Mount Poclabuz / Na Gradu Klabuk has become an open-air museum thanks to cross-border Community Initiative Programme INTERREG IIIA Italy / Slovenia called defensive system of the 1st World War 1915-1918 2 ^ -3 ^ system line and fitting.